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The Bedouin valued pure in strain horses above all others, and many tribes owned only one main strain of horse. the five basic families of the breed, KNOWN AS "AL KHAMSA" include Kehilan, Seglawi, Abeyan, Hamdani, and Hadban.  AlKhamsa are descended in all lines from the bedouin's desert horses.

we the strains were bred pure, they developed characteristics that made them identifiable.

The Kehilan strain was noted for depth of chest,masculine power and size.The average pure in strain Kehilan stood up to fifteen hands. Their heads were short with broad foreheads and great width in the jowls.Most commen colors were gray and chestnut. Compared to the Kehilan,

The Seglawi strain was more refined with fine bones, long faces and necks,giving them a more feminine look. They were known to be quick, but were lacking the endurance of other strains.The Seglawi typically stood at 14,2 hands and were predominantly bay in color.A strain similar in build to the Saglawi is 

The Abeyan;they were also refined and had longer backs than the typical arabian. These horses were usually small,gray,and more white markings than other strains.

The Hamdani,were often considered plain,with an athletic if somewhat masculine, large boned build. Their heads were more often straight in profile,lacking an extreme jibbah(bulging forehead).This strain of arabian stands taller than most,up to 15.2 hands, and are often gray and bay.Known for their gentle nature,

the Hadban,were smaller versions of the athletic Hamdani;they kept the muscular frame despite their average size of 14.3 hands. Most Hadban arabians are bay or brown with little white .

These strains were later developed into "NATIONALITIES" Where the names refer to the countries of origins.

from "History and Heritage of the arabian horse"


Breeding of desertbred arabians



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